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Session 1Advanced Nano Materials - Synthesis, Fabrication , Processing and Characterisation
Advanced Nano materials can be synthesized to exhibit control of size, so that one property or another can be attained. Methods for synthesis of nano materials can be divided into two main types Bottom Up and Top Down. Novel effects can occur in materials when structures are formed with sizes comparable to any one of many possible length scales, such as the de Broglie wavelength of electrons, or the optical wavelengths of high energy photons. Various synthesis and characterization mechanisms for Nanowires, Nanoparticles,Nanorods, Nanotubes, Nanocrystals, Nanounits including their structure, alignment and assemblies.
Session 2Nanomedicine & Nanobiotechnology
Nanomedicine ranges from the medical applications of nanomaterials and biological devices, to nanoelectronic biosensors, and even possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology such as biological machines. The size of nanomaterials is similar to that of most biological molecules and structures; therefore, nanomaterials can be useful for both in vivo and in vitro biomedical research and applications. Thus far, the integration of nanomaterials with biology has led to the development of diagnostic devices, contrast agents, analytical tools, physical therapy applications, and drug delivery vehicles.
Nanobiotechnology is a merger of biological research with various fields of nanotechnology. Nanobiotechnology involve applying nanotools to relevant medical/biological problems and refining these applications. Material properties and applications covered in nanobiotechnology include mechanical properties: deformation and adhesion, Electrical : electromechanical stimulation and capacitors, Optical : absorption, luminescence and photochemistry, therma : thermomutability and thermal management, biological : how cells interact with nanomaterials, molecular flaws/defects and biosensing, agriculture and many more.
Session 3Nano Medicine for Cancer diagnosis and Therapy
Nanotechnology in cancer treatments is providing a wide range of new tools and possibilities, from earlier diagnostics and improved imaging to better, more efficient, and more targeted therapies. Nanotechnology is at the forefront of both targeted drug delivery and intrinsic therapies.
- Early diagnosis of cancer by use of specific nano particles to increase cancer biomarkers production.
- Iron oxide nanoparticles nano engineered to bind with tumor to identify them early.
- Nanomedicine in targeted drug deliver.
Session 4Nanotechnology For Energy and Environment
Nanotechnology is of great importance in Energy field.It is bringing the much needed power shift in renewable energy: a new generation of highly efficient photovoltaics, nanocomposites for stronger and lighter wind energy rotor blades also a new class of nanomembranes for carbon capture at fossil fuel power plants. Energy savings could be made if the proper nanomaterials were used not just for more efficient distribution and power transmission, to build smart glass and electrochromic windows capable of maximising the use of solar power to heat buildings. Energy storage could be greatly enhanced by optimised batteries and supercapacitors, while nanotacalysts could optimise fuel production.
Nanotechnological products, processes and applications are expected to contribute significantly to environmental and climate protection by saving raw materials, energy and water as well as by reducing greenhouse gases and hazardous wastes. Using nanomaterials therefore promises certain environmental benefits and sustainability effects. A few Naotechnology applications that benefit environment are : economically attractive battery recycling, radioactive waste clean-up in water, solutions for oil spills, Carbon dioxide capture etc.
Sensing the biological responses has assumed great significance in the current scenario of ever dynamic environmental developments and corresponding altered homeostatic happenings occurring at both in vivo as well as ex vivo levels. The analysis of behavior of the ever changing materials has assumed great significance in areas like pharmaceutical diagnosis, screening food quality, and environmental applications. In this reference, the development of efficient biosensors which can analyze the minutest details of the biological interactions even at a very small scale and with extreme precision and maximum ever possible sensitivities is of great significance. A key component of the biosensing is the transduction mechanisms which are responsible for converting the responses of bioanalyte interactions in an identifiable and reproducible manner using the conversion of specific biochemical reaction energy into an electrical form through the use of transduction mechanisms. Nanomaterials can be wonderful incumbents in this dimension as they have high surface area to volume ratios which allow the surface to be used in a better and far more diversely functional manner.
Session 6Nanotechnology for Safety, Regulations and Ethics
Nanotechnology is a new and emerging discipline that is multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary with usage of nanosystems, nanomaterials, nano-devices, etc in a vast variety of fields. While the industrial applications of nanoparticles are increasing daily, less attention has been paid to possible environmental effects and occupational health and safety (OHS) concerns in workplaces manufacturing and using these particles, or to considerations of possible health effects in the community at large.There are considerable challenges in determining the possible human health effects of nanoparticles. Many Regulatory rules are being incorporated for the development and usage of nano materials.But there is no international regulation of nanoproducts or the underlying nanotechnology.Nor are there any internationally agreed definitions or terminology for nanotechnology, no internationally agreed protocols for toxicity testing of nanoparticles, and no standardized protocols for evaluating the environmental impacts of nanoparticles. So, how important is addressing this issues. Nanotechnology must seriously examine its potential consequences. Going through the exercise of formulating solutions to potential ethical issues before the technology is irreversibly adopted by society is required. examination of ethics of developing nanotechnology and create policies that will aid in its development so as to eliminate or at least minimize its damaging effects on society is of greater requirement.
Session 7Nano Electronics and Nano Photonics
Nano electronics holds few answers for how we might increase the capabilities of electronics devices when we reduce their weight and power consumption. Nano electronics and technology are widely used in all aspects of modern life. Life Safety, Healthcare, Transportation, Computing, Energy and Telecommunications are some of the major fields benefiting from the growth of Nano electronic applications. Nanotube transistors, nano emessive display panel, Electronic circuits, Magnetic random access memory are few areas of nano electronics applications. Nano photonics is where photonics merges with Nano science and nanotechnology, and where spatial confinement considerably modifies light propagation and light-matter interaction. Nanophotonics research ranges from biochemistry to electrical engineering. Optoelectronics and microelectronics, Spectroscopy, Microcscopy, Solar cells are a few areas of nano photonics applications.
Nano electronics holds few answers for how we might increase the capabilities of electronics devices when we reduce their weight and power consumption. Nano electronics and technology are widely used in all aspects of modern life. Life Safety, Healthcare, Transportation, Computing, Energy and Telecommunications are some of the major fields benefiting from the growth of Nano electronic applications. Nanotube transistors, nano emessive display panel, Electronic circuits, Magnetic random access memory are few areas of nano electronics applications.
Nano photonics is where photonics merges with Nano science and nanotechnology, and where spatial confinement considerably modifies light propagation and light-matter interaction. Nanophotonics research ranges from biochemistry to electrical engineering. Optoelectronics and microelectronics, Spectroscopy, Microcscopy, Solar cells are a few areas of nano photonics applications.
Session 8Nanotechnology in Agriculture, Food Industry and Water Treatment
Nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the agricultural and food industry with new tools for the molecular treatment of diseases, rapid disease detection, enhancing the ability of plants to absorb nutrients etc. Smart sensors and smart delivery systems will help the agricultural industry combat viruses and other crop pathogens.Nanotechnology will also protect the environment through the use of alternative (renewable) energy supplies, andfilters or catalysts to reduce pollution and clean-up existing pollutants. Nanotechnology has begun to find potential applications in the area of functional food by engineering biological molecules toward functions very different from those they have in nature, opening up a whole new area of research and development. Human development needs clean water and thus Water treatment is of pressing importance. Water purification using nanotechnology exploits nanoscopic materials such as carbon nanotubes and alumina fibers for nanofiltration. It also utilizes the existence of nanoscopic pores in zeolite filtration membranes, as well as nanocatalysts and magnetic nanoparticles. Nanosensors, such as those based on titanium oxide nanowires or palladium nanoparticles are used for analytical detection of contaminants in water samples. Nanotechnology provides a lot many options for the water treatment. Safe water purification, filtration and desalination through cheap and portable nanotechnology systems is a huge hope for a better future which could help developing countries to have their own clean and drinkable water.
Session 9Bio-Nanomaterials and Biomedical devices, applications
Bionanotechnology, the emerging field of using biomolecular, biomedical and biotechnological tools for nanostructure or nanotechnology development, provides exceptional opportunity in the design of new materials. Self-assembly of molecules is an attractive materials construction strategy due to its simplicity in application. By considering peptidic or other bio-polymer molecules in the bottom-up materials self-assembly design process, one can take advantage of inherently biomolecular attributes; intramolecular folding events, secondary structure, and electrostatic interactions; in addition to more traditional self-assembling molecular attributes such as amphiphilicty, to define hierarchical material structure and consequent properties.
Session 10Nano Particles
Nanoparticles are of great scientific interest as they are effectively a bridge between bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures. Nano Particles have vast applications in a wide variety of fields like Medicine, Manufacturing and Materials, Environmental science, Energy and Electronics etc.A wide varities of nanoparticles are being discovered and synthesised for their groundbreaking applications. Polymeric micelle nanoparticles, polymer coated iron oxide nanoparticles, protein filled nanoparticles, cerium oxide nanoparticles act as an antioxidant, Ceramic silicon carbide nanoparticles, Silicate nanoparticles, Zinc oxide, Silicon dioxide crystalline, Silver nanoparticles, Gold nanoparticles, Oxide nanoparticles, Iron nanoparticles, Semiconductor nanoparticles and many other nanoparticles are of wide spread applications.
Session 11Nanotechnology in Drug delivery
Nanoparticles hold tremendous potential as an effective drug delivery system. Nanoparticles used as drug delivery vehicles are generally < 100 nm in at least one dimension, and consist of different biodegradable materials such as natural or synthetic polymers, lipids, or metals. Nanoparticles are taken up by cells more efficiently than larger micromolecules and therefore, could be used as effective transport and delivery systems. For therapeutic applications, drugs can either be integrated in the matrix of the particle or attached to the particle surface. A drug targeting system should be able to control the fate of a drug entering the biological environment. Nanosystems with different compositions and biological properties have been extensively investigated for drug and gene delivery applications. An effective approach for achieving efficient drug delivery would be to rationally develop nanosystems based on the understanding of their interactions with the biological environment, target cell population, target cell-surface receptors. Nanoparticle-mediated delivery of siRNA, Targeting cancer cells with nanoparticles, Targeting angiogenesis with nanoparticles, Targeting macrophages to control inflammation, Targeting inflammatory molecules are a few of the many applications of nanoparticles in drug delivery.
Session 12Carbon Nanostructures
Carbon is intimately connected to almost everything we deal with in a daily basis. Due to its outstanding properties, such as high stability at environmental conditions, different hybridizations, strong covalent bond formation and easy of compounds formation. Carbon nanostructures include various low-dimension allotropes of carbon including carbon nanotubes, the C60 family of buckyballs, polyaromatic molecules, graphene and many more. Carbon nano materials have a wide range of applications like Adsorbents for Environmental and biological applications, coating biomaterials designed for hard tissue implantation, constructing biosensors and biostimulators or micropatterned surfaces for creation of cell microarrays for advanced genomics and proteomics.
Session 13Liquid/disorder and Nanofluids
Nanofluids are engineered colloidal suspensions of nanoparticles in a base fluid. The nanoparticles used in nanofluids are typically made of metals, oxides, carbides, or carbon nanotubes. Nanofluids have novel properties that make them potentially useful in many applications in heat transfer, including microelectronics, fuel cells, pharmaceutical processes, and hybrid-powered engines, engine cooling/vehicle thermal management, domestic refrigerator, chiller, heat exchanger,in grinding, machining and in boiler flue gas temperature reduction. They exhibit enhanced thermal conductivity and the convective heat transfer coefficient compared to the base fluid.
Session 14Materials Science-Fundamentals & Characterization
Materials science is a syncretic discipline hybridizing metallurgy, ceramics, solid-state physics, and chemistry. Materials can generally be divided into two classes: crystalline and non-crystalline. The traditional examples of materials are metals, semiconductors, ceramics and polymers.New and advanced materials that are being developed include nanomaterials and biomaterials, etc. The basis of materials science involves studying the structure of materials, and relating them to their properties. The major determinants of the structure of a material and thus of its properties are its constituent chemical elements and the way in which it has been processed into its final form. These characteristics, taken together and related through the laws of thermodynamics and kinetics, govern a material's microstructure, and thus its properties. Characterization of material's is a process by which structure and properties are probed and measured.
Session 15Mining and Metallurgy
Mining is extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth and Metallurgy is the field of Materials Science that deals with physical and chemical nature of the metallic & intermetallic compounds and alloys. Different techniques and technologies used in the extraction and production of various metals are extraction of metals from ores, purification; Metal casting Technology, plating, spraying, etc. in the series of processes, the metal is subjected to thermogenic and cryogenic conditions to analyse the corrosion, strength & toughness and to make sure that the metal is creep resistant. Surface mining, sub-surface mining, Powder metallurgy, Pyro metallurgy, Carbonyl metallurgy, Hydrometallurgy & Electrometallurgy, Corrosion, Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Environmental Technology, Physical Metallurgy and many other areas are encompassed under mining and metallurgy.
Session 16Materials-Environment Interactions
There is no usage of materials without interaction with the environment. Material–environment interactions are relevant for all types of materials, be they of inorganic or organic in origin. Interactions with the environment can cause damage to materials but also might lead to an improvement of materials properties. Interactions with the environment might also occur prior to the usage of materials, i.e. in the production phase. Corrosion, biological impact on organic and inorganic materials, functioning of organic polymeric materials and many other environmental interactions of materials occur. Considering quality control, safety and risk of environmental impact of the materials is of high importance.
Session 17Advancements in Materials Science
Materials science is a syncretic discipline hybridizing metallurgy, ceramics, solid-state physics, and chemistry. Many of the most pressing scientific problems faced are due to the limits of the materials that are available. Thus, breakthroughs in materials science are to affect the future of technology significantly. A significant number of advanced materials are being synthesised, their properties and performance are being studied ina variety of research areas like metallurgy, biomaterials, forensic engineering. Advancement of Material science is impacting a vast range of research areas with a grat scope of development.
Microtechnology is the technology related to manufacturing and application of microstructures, that is structures having the dimensions typically within the range of 10-4 to 10-7 meters. Electrical devices, Mechanical devices are miniaturized and batch-fabricated, promising the same benefits of the large scale devices with lower costs. Microtechnologies open new possibilities in terms of design, cost reductions, improve performances and, moreover, open new fields of applications in surgical instrumentation. Microtechnology techniques will lead to reconsider the design of medical instrumentation.
Microfluidics deals with the behaviour, manipulating, and controlling fluids that are usually in the range of microliters to picoliters. These have practical applications in the design of systems in which low volumes of fluids are processed to achieve multiplexing, automation, and high-throughput screening. Advancement in micro fluidic manufacturing allowing to design the devices at low costs and also revolutionizing molecular biology procedures for enzymatic analysis, DNA analysis, and proteomics. Microfluidics represents a promising alternative to conventional laboratory techniques as it allows achieving complete laboratory protocols on a single chip of few square centimeters.
Session 20Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Biomaterials can be prepared either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical methods utilizing metallic components, polymers, ceramics or composite materials. They are often used and/or adapted for a medical application, and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device which performs, augments, or replaces a natural function. Biomaterials have a wide range of applications in medical field with an everyday usage in drug delivery, dental applications, and surgery.
Thousands of surgical procedures are performed to replace or repair tissue that has been damaged through disease or trauma. The developing field of tissue engineering aims to regenerate damaged tissues by combining cells from the body with highly porous scaffold biomaterials, which act as templates for tissue regeneration, to guide the growth of new tissue.
The high mobility of semiconductors makes them best basic materials for use in advanced electronics and communications. Semiconductors are used to fabricate chips for every electronic device.
Nano Semiconductors is a growig research area, Nanometer-scale semiconductor particles can emit light of different colors depending on their size.
Semiconductrs are used to fabricate solar cells.
- Silicon Semiconductrs
- Nano Semiconductors
- Organic Semiconductors
- Compound Semiconductors
Session 22Solar Cells
Solar Cells have come a long way in recent years. Nano Solar cells, Silicon semicondutors are new approaches for solar energy. Nanocrystal solar cells are solar cells based on a substrate with a coating of nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are typically based on silicon, CdTe or CIGS and the substrates are generally silicon or various organic conductors. Nano solar is the new efficient source of solar energy.
Graphene is an allotrope of carbon. It is the basic structural element for graphite, charcoal, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and many more. Graphene has many unusual properties and is even called as 'Wonder Material'. It is about 200 times stronger than the strongest steel. It efficiently conducts heat and electricity and is nearly transparent. It is a two-dimensional material with applications in semiconductor, electronics, battery energy, and composites industries. With such a great scope there is an intensive research on graphene, and discussions on this is of great value to every researcher.
Session 24Synthetic & Bio-organic Chemistry
Bio-organic chemistry finds its inspiration in natural materials and processes. It applies the principles and techniques of organic chemistry to solve problems of biological relevance, taking inspiration from biology to develop new chemical processes. This process can be used for synthesis of fine-chemicals with a high added value, like building blocks for medicines or ligands for catalysis.